Wednesday, April 19, 2017

lecture 34: line integrals (work and flux)

We will continue working with line integrals (14.2), replacing $f(x,y,z)$ with components of a vector function $\vec{F}(x,y,z)$. One application is to compute the work done by $\vec{F}$ on a mass that moves along a curve: $$\textrm{work = }\int \vec{F} \cdot \hat{T} \, ds $$ where $\hat{T}$ is a unit tangent vector to the curve. Another application is to compute the flux of $\vec{F}$ across a curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$: $$\textrm{flux = }\int \vec{F} \cdot \hat{n} \, ds $$ where $\hat{n}$ is a unit normal vector to the curve. To evaluate these line integrals we'll use the parametric equations for the curve to make a change of variables (like last time).